Root Canal

Root canals are efficient at helping the patients save their teeth by having their dead or dying pulp tissue removed. The pulp that is inside the tooth, once inflamed, can become abscessed if not taken care of properly. The pulp tissues are alive only to receive blood from the tip of the root that travels along the root canal into the tooth. The decay is what causes the pulp of the tooth to die. If the decay reaches the pulp, it will kill the pulp tissues and keep going to spread the toxins to the jawbone. By this point, the jawbone will become infected, and if not taken care of immediately, it can lead to death in some cases.

In order to fix this problem, the root canal will be performed by the dentist. The procedure begins with the dentist numbing the area before drilling a hole into the tooth. Then inside the tooth, the dentist will scrape away the dead pulp and the nerves. This effective yet time-consuming procedure is very important and necessary if the patient ever allows the decay to spread that far to the pulp of the tooth. It can sometimes take up to several hours but it's the only way to save the tooth. Its efficacy has proven to be worth spending the hours to save the tooth that would otherwise be lost.

Root Canal Treatment
The tooth is made up of 3 layers. The enamel is the outer layer and is the hardest past of the tooth. The middle layer is the dentin and the centre layer is the pulp. Pulp is where the nerves and blood vessels are situated and they are also known as the root canals.

The pulp is extremely important when the tooth first emerges. When the pulp gets damaged, then it has to be removed in order to save the tooth from being extracted. The canal will then be filled with a firm material and topped with a crown or restored with a composite filling. The root canal procedure is also called an endotontic treatment and it is a very common procedure.

When Is a Root Canal Performed

There are 2 main situations where the need to perform a root canal may occur:
   1. infection – cavity is probably the most common cause of pulp infection. When a cavity is left untreated, the bacteria can cause damage right down to the root. If the tooth only gets inflamed, then there are chances that it may heal. However if the inflammation does not heal and becomes infected, then a root canal will be performed.
   2. damage beyond repair – direct trauma to the tooth, fracture and sometimes other treatments of the tooth like fillings and crowning can cause damage to the pulp. If the damage cannot be repaired then a root canal becomes necessary.

How Would You Know If You Need A Root Canal Treatment
If you have a toothache or cavity, do not ignore them and seek dental help as soon as you can. If you have pulp infection, chances are that you may not be aware of it because it may not cause pain until it is too late. A root canal may be necessary if you have any of the following:
   1. your tooth becomes sensitive to heat and cold
   2. pain with touch
   3. swelling around the surrounding area of the tooth
   4. broken tooth
   5. your tooth may be discolored